This is your brain on love

From the Los Angeles Times
This is your brain on love
When you're attracted to someone, is your gray matter talking sense -- or just hooked? Scientists take a rational look.
By Susan Brink
Los Angeles Times Staff Writer
July 30, 2007

Her front brain is telling her he's trouble. Look at the facts, it says. He's never made a commitment, he drinks too much, he can't hold down a job.
But her middle brain won't listen. Man, it swoons, he looks great in those jeans, his black hair curls onto his forehead so adorably, and when he drags on a cigarette, he's so bad he's good.

His front brain is lecturing, too: She's flirting with every guy in the place, and she can drink even you under the table, it says. His mid-brain is unresponsive, distracted by her legs, her blouse and her come-hither stare.
"What could you be thinking?" their front brains demand.
Their middle brains, each on a quest for reward, pay no heed.
Alas, when it comes to choosing mates, smart neurons can make dumb choices. Sure, if the brain's owner is in her 40s and has been around the block a few times, she might grab her bag and scram. If the guy has reached seasoned middle age, he might think twice about that cleavage-baring temptress. Wisdom -- at least a little -- does come with experience.
But if the objects of desire are in their 20s, all bets are off. A lot will depend on the influence of Mom and Dad's marriage, the gossip and urgings of friends, and whether life experience has convinced these two brains that what they're looking at is attractive. She just might sidle over to Mr. Wrong and bat her eyes. And he could well give in to temptation.
And so the dance of attraction, infatuation and ultimately love begins.

Los Angeles Times: This is your brain on love

Animusic

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Gyro Drums

Pentagon Flight 77, 911 Case Study: a realistiic version

Short animation with video and photos illustrating the final moments of Flight 77 on September 11, 2001.

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Titanic 1912 footage of the ship and survivors

Titanic movie in Black and white: ""

Sinking simulation

3D Animation. HIV Replication

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3D Animation. Ford internal combustion engine


Engine Duratec HE
YouTube - car engine ford 3d duratec HE assemblage: ""

Baghdad A Doctor's Story (BBC, 2006)

38 min 53 sec - Mar 9, 2007
An Iraqi doctor films his last days in Iraq. The violence, death, and destruction are too much for him to handle, so he decides to leave ... all » for the West. He can count himself among the lucky who are able to leave.


Baghdad A Doctor's Story (BBC, 2006)

Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats


1 Hour
Joseph Cirincione, a frequent commentator on proliferation and security issues in the media, will address the recent weapons developments in Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, and the nuclear black market. He will also provide an up-to-date analysis on global proliferation dangers, the policies to control them with a critical assessment of international enforcement efforts.

What we still dont know. Astromony & the Universe

Marteen Reese
what we still dont know
48 min 28 sec - Jun 5, 2006


Part 2
48 min 44 sec - Jun 5, 2006

Child Soldier Interview - Ishmael Beah --

The child soldier, of Sierra Leone, who witnessed and committed war atrocities talks about his new book.
Ishmael Beah -- Child Soldier: ""

Global Warming: The Sun might not be Responsible for Climate Change


July 11th, 2007
I recently wrote an article for Wired Science about how there doesn't appear to be a link between cosmic rays and global warming. Now another argument against human-created global warming has fallen to the wayside: increasing temperatures from the Sun.
It turns out energy output from the Sun has actually been decreasing over the last two decades. And during this period, temperatures across the planet have been steadily rising.
The research was published in the Royal Society's journal Proceedings A, entitled Recent oppositely directed trends in solar
climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature. The report covers not only trends in solar output, but also deals with decreasing trends in cosmic rays as well.
The Sun varies on an 11-year cycle between periods of high and low activity. But above this, there's a longer term trend. For most of the 20th century, output from the Sun was slowly and steadily rising. But in 1985, that trend reversed, with solar output slowly declining. Global temperatures here on Earth continued climbing, unaffected.


Universe Today » The Sun Isn't Responsible for Climate Change

FHMs 28 Days of Kama Sutra


FHMs 28 Days of Kama Sutra - Watch more free videos

Biofuels & Ethanol: The Real Story

Scientist David Fridley explains the inherent cost and production problems with ethanol and similar biofuels.
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Deathenol; The Environomental Disaster of Ethanol


From ABC 20/20 Myths, Lies, and Downright Stupidity with John Stossel, Myth #1 Ethanol is Great


Making Ethanol Work
Ethanol, a biofuel, can be produced not only from corn, but sugar cane, switch grass, and wood. And using it, instead of gasoline, decreases the amount of pollutants a car emits.
But the question remains, "Are there any cars that can run on it?" Brazil started an ethanol program. Recently, Brazil introduced flex fuel vehicles. These vehicles can run both with ethanol, gasoline, ethanol and gasoline in any blend. So these vehicles can be used anywhere.

'Too little' oil for global warming - New Scientist

05 October 2003
New Scientist Edition.

Oil and gas will run out too fast for doomsday global warming scenarios to materialise, according to a controversial analysis presented this week at the University of Uppsala in Sweden. The authors warn that all the fuel will be burnt before there is enough carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to realise predictions of melting ice caps and searing temperatures. Defending their predictions, scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change say they considered a range of estimates of oil and gas reserves, and point out that coal-burning could easily make up the shortfall. But all agree that burning coal would be even worse for the planet.
The IPCC's predictions of global meltdown provided the impetus for the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, an agreement obliging signatory nations to cut CO2 emissions. The IPCC considered a range of future scenarios, from profligate burning of fossil-fuels to a fast transition towards greener energy sources.
But geologists Anders Sivertsson, Kjell Aleklett and Colin Campbell of Uppsala University say there is not enough oil and gas left for even the most conservative of the 40 IPCC scenarios to come to pass (see graphic).


Billions of barrels
Although estimates of oil and gas reserves vary widely, the researchers are part of a growing group of experts who believe that oil supplies will peak as soon as 2010, and gas soon after (New Scientist print edition, 2 August 2003). Their analysis suggests that oil and gas reserves combined amount to the equivalent of about 3500 billion barrels of oil ­ considerably less than the 5000 billion barrels estimated in the most optimistic model envisaged by the IPCC. The worst-case scenario sees 18,000 billion barrels of oil and gas being burnt ­ five times the amount the researchers believe is left. "That's completely unrealistic," says Aleklett. Even the average forecast of about 8000 billion barrels is more than twice the Swedish estimate of the world's remaining reserves. Nebojsa Nakicenovic, an energy economist at the University of Vienna, Austria who headed the 80-strong IPCC team that produced the forecasts, says the panel's work still stands. He says they factored in a much broader and internationally accepted range of oil and gas estimates than the "conservative" Swedes. Even if oil and gas run out, "there's a huge amount of coal underground that could be exploited", he says. Aleklett agrees that burning coal could make the IPCC scenarios come true, but points out that such a switch would be disastrous.
Coal is dirtier than oil or gas and produces more CO2 for each unit of energy, as well as releasing large amounts of particulates. He says the latest analysis is a "shot across the bows" for policy makers.

'Too little' oil for global warming - 05 October 2003 New Scientist

Peak Oil

"We're literally stuck up a cul-de-sac in a cement SUV without a fill-up" - James Howard KunstlerGlobal oil peak and the inevitable decline of fossil fuels are upon us now, Are today's suburbs destined to become the slums of the future? This is a short version of "The End of Suburbia: Oil Depletion and the Collapse of The American Dream", a documentary about the end of the age of cheap oil.


A Crude Awakening The Oil_Crash Full Version
1 hr 22 min 51 sec - Jul 17, 2007



Addicted to Oil Documentary








Dr. Colin Campbell - Peak Oil Presentation - The End of The First Half of the Age of Oil
32 min 54 sec - Nov 2, 2006
This Peak Oil presentation entitled 'The End of the First Half of the Age of Oil' by Dr. Colin Campbell, founder of the Association for the ... all » Study of Peak Oil & Gas, was part of a 2-day conference entitled 'Fuelling The Future', held in Kinsale, Ireland, on the 18th & 19th June 2005.

1965 video. 'Citizens for Decent Literature Anti-Pornography'



YouTube - 1965 Anti-Pornography Propaganda film

1950 US Gov reel. Aspects of Nuclear Radiation

Aspects of Nuclear Radiation (1950): ""

Beyond Belief 2006 Full 10 sessions

(Warning, religious content; if you have strong religious beleifs, this video might be offensive)
Just 40 years after a famous TIME magazine cover asked "Is God Dead?" the answer appears to be a resounding "No!" According to a survey by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life in a recent issue of Foreign Policy magazine, "God is Winning". Religions are increasingly a geopolitical force to be reckoned with. Fundamentalist movements - some violent in the extreme - are growing. Science and religion are at odds in the classrooms and courtrooms. And a return to religious values is widely touted as an antidote to the alleged decline in public morality. After two centuries, could this be twilight for the Enlightenment project and the beginning of a new age of unreason? Will faith and dogma trump rational inquiry, or will it be possible to reconcile religious and scientific worldviews? Can evolutionary biology, anthropology and neuroscience help us to better understand how we construct beliefs, and experience empathy, fear and awe? Can science help us create a new rational narrative as poetic and powerful as those that have traditionally sustained societies? Can we treat religion as a natural phenomenon? Can we be good without God? And if not God, then what?
This is a critical moment in the human situation, and The Science Network in association with the Crick-Jacobs Center brought together an extraordinary group of scientists and philosophers to explore answers to these questions. The conversation took place at the Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA from November 5-7, 2006.

Session 1 Steven Weinberg, Lawrence Krauss, Sam Harris, Michael Shermer
Session 2 Neil deGrasse Tyson; Discussion: Tyson, Weinberg, Krauss, Harris, Shermer
Session 3 Joan Roughgarden, Richard Dawkins, Francisco Ayala, Carolyn Porco
Session 4 Stuart Hameroff, V.S. Ramachandran
Session 6 Susan Neiman, Loyal Rue, Elizabeth Loftus
Session 7 Mahzarin Banaji, Richard Dawkins, Scott Atran
Session 8 Scott Atran, Sir Harold Kroto, Charles Harper, Ann Druyan
Session 9 Sam Harris, Jim Woodward, Melvin Konner, Discussion: Harris, Woodward, Konner, Dawkins, Paul Churchland
Session 10 Richard Sloan, V.S. Ramachandran, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Terry Sejnowski

EARCH SESSION BETWEEN 1 & 2 Hours
Session 1


Session 2


Session 3


Session 4


Session 5


Session 6


Session 7


Session 8


Session 9


Session 10


http://beyondbelief2006.org/

Most detailed pictures of Earth to date. By NASA


Most detailed pictures of Earth ever seen
31st July 2007
These spectacular images are the most detailed true colour pictures of the Earth that we have ever seen.
The clear images, released by NASA, were pieced together from observations taken from a satellite of the land surface, oceans, sea ice and clouds.
Using a collection of these satellite-based observations, NASA scientists have stitched together months of observations of the earth's surface and combined them to create a colourful mosaic of our living planet.
The result from using these collection of images is a complete and detailed glimpse of every square kilometre of Earth.
Most of the information contained in these image came from a single remote-sensing device known as Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, or MODIS.
The device, which takes the images from 700 kilometres above the Earth, provides an integrated tool for scientists to observe and study a variety of earth life.
The images are based on observations, or pictures, collected over a period of roughly three months and were combined every eight days to ensure clouds were not blocking the sensor's view on any given day.
The Blue Marble images form part of NASA's Visable Earth catalogue which also provides pictures of earth by night as well as showing the extent of deforestation in Brazil from space.



Most detailed pictures of Earth ever seen | the Daily Mail

Maldives Seaplane Landing!


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Take off from MIA

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Final Approach Iguazu Falls, Argentina

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Costa Rica, landings... (Various airports)

Final Approach to San José


Aeropuerto Intl. Tobias Bolanos
YouTube - Aeronaves en Pavas: ""

A short traffic pattern at 800 feet AGL, turning to base and short final for runway 09 at MRPV. I learned to fly at this airport.
YouTube - Landing a Piper Archer II at Tobias International airport: ""



Quepos, La Managua


Tambor

1950. British film 'commercial air travel'

1950. A British film about post war commercial air travel in the UK. Some interesting aircraft are featured including the Brabazon and Comet
YouTube - The good 'ol days of commercial air travel: ""

1947 Air Transportation news reel

Air Transport in 1947: ""

F-16 Emergency Landing

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Flight 3337 from DC to Dallas Emergency Landing

Flight 3337 from DC to Dallas made an emergency landing at Dulles airport. This is the video I took of the landing.
The cause of the emergency landing was: at takeoff, a front tire of the plane blew. We then flew around for in excess of two hours dumping fuel then landed less than a hundered miles away at Dulles.
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Passager Footage Plane Crashes

A 767 crashes in 1993 after landing on a slick runway. Video is captured from someone inside.
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Uncut footage GA-200 Garuda Indonesia Plane Crash

Milford Sound, NZ






Milford Sound flight to Queenstown

Landing turbulence Milford Sound, NZ

YouTube - Landing turbulence Milford Sound: ""

Physics Lecture: Atoms and Heat

UC Berkeley Educational Technology Services
1 hr 13 min 54 sec - Jan 24, 2006

Physics for Future Presidents. Spring 2006. Professor Richard A. Muller. The most interesting and important topics in physics, stressing conceptual understanding rather than math, with applications to current events. Topics covered may vary and may include energy and conservation, radioactivity, nuclear physics, the Theory of Relativity, lasers, explosions, earthquakes, superconductors, and quantum physics.



Physics Lecture 01: Atoms and Heat

Physics Lecture: Quantum I



UC Berkeley Educational Technology Services
1 hr 10 min 21 sec - Apr 4, 2006
Physics 10: Physics for Future Presidents. Spring 2006. Professor Richard A. Muller. The most interesting and important topics in physics, stressing conceptual understanding rather than math, with applications to current events. Topics covered may vary and may include energy and conservation, radioactivity, nuclear physics, the Theory of Relativity, lasers, explosions, earthquakes, superconductors, and quantum physics.

Physics 10 - Lecture 17: Quantum I

Physics Lecture: Nukes



UC Berkeley Educational Technology Services
1 hr 13 min 38 sec - Feb 14, 2006
Professor Richard A. Muller. The most interesting and important topics in physics, stressing conceptual understanding rather than math, with applications to current events. Topics covered may vary and may include energy and conservation, radioactivity, nuclear physics, the Theory of Relativity, lasers, explosions, earthquakes, superconductors, and quantum physics.

Physics Lecture: Nukes

Flash Flood Video

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Tony Blair Farewell Speech

YouTube - Tony Blair Farewell Speech: ""

Jupiter Movie from Celestron 14" & Webcam

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Actual Pictures From Other Worlds


Mars, the red planet named for the Roman god of war, has two tiny moons, Phobos and Deimos, whose names are derived from the Greek for Fear and Panic. These martian moons may well be captured asteroids originating in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter or perhaps from even more distant reaches of the Solar System. The larger moon, Phobos, is indeed seen to be a cratered, asteroid-like object in this stunning color image from the Mars Express spacecraft, recorded at a resolution of about seven meters per pixel. But Phobos orbits so close to Mars - about 5,800 kilometers above the surface compared to 400,000 kilometers for our Moon - that gravitational tidal forces are dragging it down. In 100 million years or so it will likely crash into the surface or be shattered by stress caused by the relentless tidal forces, the debris forming a ring around Mars.


The robot Cassini spacecraft now orbiting Saturn swooped past the sponge-textured moon in late 2005 and took an image of unprecedented detail. That image, shown above in false color, shows a remarkable world strewn with strange craters and a generally odd surface. The slight differences in color likely show differences in surface composition. At the bottom of most craters lies some type of unknown dark material. Inspection of the image shows bright features indicating that the dark material might be only tens of meters thick in some places. Hyperion is about 250 kilometers across, rotates chaotically, and has a density so low that it might house a vast system of caverns inside


Jupiter's moon Io. Two sulfurous eruptions are visible on Jupiter's volcanic moon Io in this color composite image from the robotic Galileo spacecraft that orbited Jupiter from 1995 to 2003. At the image top, over Io's limb, a bluish plume rises about 140 kilometers above the surface of a volcanic caldera known as Pillan Patera. In the image middle, near the night/day shadow line, the ring shaped Prometheus plume is seen rising about 75 kilometers above Io while casting a shadow below the volcanic vent. Named for the Greek god who gave mortals fire, the Prometheus plume is visible in every image ever made of the region dating back to the Voyager flybys of 1979 - presenting the possibility that this plume has been continuously active for at least 18 years. The above digitally sharpened image was originally recorded in 1997 on June 28 from a distance of about 600,000 kilometers.


Locked in synchronous rotation, the Moon always presents its well-known near side to Earth. But from lunar orbit, Apollo astronauts also grew to know the Moon's far side. This sharp picture from Apollo 16's mapping camera shows the eastern edge of the familiar near side (top) and the strange and heavily cratered far side of the Moon. Surprisingly, the rough and battered surface of the far side looks very different from the near side which is covered with smooth dark lunar maria. The likely explanation is that the far side crust is thicker, making it harder for molten material from the interior to flow to the surface and form the smooth maria.


In October of 1846, William Lassell was observing the newly discovered planet Neptune. He was attempting to confirm his observation, made just the previous week, that Neptune had a ring. But this time he discovered that Neptune had a satellite as well. Lassell soon proved that the ring was a product of his new telescope's distortion, but the satellite Triton remained. The above picture of Triton was taken in 1989 by the only spacecraft ever to pass Triton: Voyager 2. Voyager 2 found fascinating terrain, a thin atmosphere, and even evidence for ice volcanoes on this world of peculiar orbit and spin. Ironically, Voyager 2 also confirmed the existence of complete thin rings around Neptune - but these would have been quite invisible to Lassell!


This dramatic image features a dark red Moon during a total lunar eclipse -- celestial shadow play enjoyed by many denizens of planet Earth last Saturday. Recorded near Wildon, Austria, the picture is a composite of two exposures; a relatively short exposure to feature the lunar surface and a longer exposure to capture background stars in the constellation Leo. Completely immersed in Earth's cone-shaped shadow during the total eclipse phase, the lunar surface is still illuminated by sunlight, reddened and refracted into the dark shadow region by a dusty atmosphere. As a result, familiar details of the Moon's nearside are easy to pick out, including the smooth lunar mare and the large ray crater Tycho. In this telescopic view, the background stars are faint and most would be invisible to the naked eye.


The Spirit rover attacked Mars again in 2005 September. What might look, above, like a military attack, though, was once again just a scientific one - Spirit was instructed to closely inspect some interesting rocks near the summit of Husband Hill. Spirit's Panoramic Camera captured the rover's Instrument Deployment Device above as moved to get a closer look at an outcrop of rocks named Hillary. The Spirit rover, and its twin rover Opportunity, have now been exploring the red planet for over three years. Both Spirit and Opportunity have found evidence that parts of Mars were once wet.


Spewed from a volcano, a complex plume rises over 300 kilometers above the horizon of Jupiter's moon Io in this image from cameras onboard the New Horizons spacecraft. The volcano, Tvashtar, is marked by the bright glow (about 1 o'clock) at the moon's edge, beyond the terminator or night/day shadow line. The shadow of Io cuts across the plume itself. Also capturing stunning details on the dayside surface, the high resolution image was recorded when the spacecraft was 2.3 million kilometers from Io. Later it was combined with lower resolution color data by astro-imager Sean Walker to produce this sharp portrait of the solar system's most active moon. Outward bound at almost 23 kilometers per second, the New Horizons spacecraft should cross the orbit of Saturn in June next year, and is ultimately destined to encounter Pluto in 2015.


Swooping below Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft spied several strange wonders. Visible in the distance are some of the many complex rings that orbit the Solar System's second largest planet. In the foreground looms the gigantic world itself, covered with white dots that are clouds high in Saturn's thick atmosphere. Saturn's atmosphere is so thick that only clouds are visible. At the very South Pole of Saturn lies a huge vortex that is a hurricane-like storm showing no sign of dissipating. The robotic Cassini spacecraft took the above image in January from about one million kilometers out, resolving details about 50 kilometers across.


Asteroid Itokawa. The unusual asteroid has been visited recently by the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa that has been documenting its unusual structure and mysterious lack of craters. Recent analyses of the border regions between smooth and rugged sections of Itokawa indicate that jostling of the asteroid might be creating segregation between large and small rocks near the surface, like the Brazil nut effect. In late 2005, Hayabusa actually touched down on one of the smooth patches, dubbed the MUSES Sea, and collected soil samples that are to be returned to Earth for analysis. Hayabusa will start its three-year long return trip to Earth this month. Computer simulations show that 500-meter asteroid Itokawa may impact the Earth within the next few million years.


Small Worlds: Ceres and Vesta: Ceres and Vesta are, respectively, only around 950 kilometers and 530 kilometers in diameter - about the size of Texas and Arizona. But they are two of the largest of over 100,000 minor bodies orbiting in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. These remarkably detailed Hubble Space Telescope images show brightness and color variations across the surface of the two small worlds. The variations could represent large scale surface features or areas of different compositon. The Hubble image data will help astronomers plan for a visit by the asteroid-hopping Dawn spacecraft, scheduled for launch on July 7 and intended to orbit first Vesta and then Ceres after a four year interplanetary cruise. Though Shakespeare might not have been impressed, nomenclature introduced by the International Astronomical Union in 2006 classifies nearly spherical Ceres as a dwarf planet.

Sunrise from the Surface of Gliese 581c, the watered planet


Explanation: How might a sunrise appear on Gliese 581c? One artistic guess is shown above. Gliese 581c is the most Earth-like planet yet discovered and lies a mere 20 light-years distant. The central red dwarf is small and redder than our Sun but one of the orbiting planets has recently been discovered to be in the habitable zone where liquid water could exist on its surface. Although this planet is much different from Earth, orbiting much closer than Mercury and containing five times the mass of Earth, it is now a candidate to hold not only oceans but life enabled by the oceans. Were future observations to confirm liquid water, Gliese 581c might become a worthy destination or way station for future interstellar travelers from Earth. Drawn above in the hypothetical, the red dwarf star Gliese 581 rises through clouds above a calm ocean of its planet Gliese 581c.



APOD: 2007 May 2 - Sunrise from the Surface of Gliese 581c

Galaxy Cluster CL0024 17


Explanation: How do we know that dark matter isn't just normal matter exhibiting strange gravity? A new observation of gravitationally magnified faint galaxies far in the distance behind a massive cluster of galaxies is shedding new dark on the subject. The above detailed image from the Hubble Space Telescope indicates that a huge ring of dark matter likely exists surrounding the center of CL0024+17 that has no normal matter counterpart. What is visible in the above image, first and foremost, are many spectacular galaxies that are part of CL0024+17 itself, typically appearing tan in color. Next, a close inspection of the cluster center shows several unusual and repeated galaxy shapes, typically more blue. These are multiple images of a few distant galaxies, showing that the cluster is a strong gravitational lens. It is the relatively weak distortions of the many distant faint blue galaxies all over the image, however, that indicates the existence of the dark matter ring. The computationally modeled dark matter ring spans about five million light years and been digitally superimposed to the image in diffuse blue. A hypothesis for the formation of the huge dark matter ring holds that it is a transient feature formed when galaxy cluster CL0024+17 collided with another cluster of galaxies about one billion years ago, leaving a ring similar to when a rock is thrown in a pond.


APOD: 2007 May 16 - Dark Matter Ring Modeled around Galaxy Cluster CL0024 17

The Moon's Saturn



On May 22nd, just days after sharing the western evening sky with Venus, the Moon moved on to Saturn - actually passing in front of the ringed planet when viewed in skies over Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. Because the Moon and bright planets wander through the sky near the ecliptic plane, such occultation events are not uncommon, but they are dramatic, especially in telescopic views. For example, in this sharp image Saturn is captured emerging from behind the Moon, giving the illusion that it lies just beyond the Moon's bright edge. Of course, the Moon is a mere 400 thousand kilometers away, compared to Saturn's distance of 1.4 billion kilometers. Taken with a digital camera and 20 inch diameter telescope at the Weikersheim Observatory in southern Germany, the picture is a single exposure adjusted to reduce the difference in brightness between Saturn and the cratered lunar surface.


APOD: 2007 May 26 - The Moon's Saturn

Dust Sculptures in the Rosette Nebula


Explanation: What creates the cosmic dust sculptures in the Rosette Nebula? Noted for the common beauty of its overall shape, parts of the Rosette Nebula, also known as NGC 2244, show beauty even when viewed up close. Visible above are globules of dark dust and gas that are slowly being eroded away by the energetic light and winds by nearby massive stars. Left alone long enough, the molecular-cloud globules would likely form stars and planets. The above image was taken in very specific colors of Sulfur (shaded red), Hydrogen (green), and Oxygen (blue). The Rosette Nebula spans about 50 light-years across, lies about 4,500 light-years away, and can be seen with a small telescope towards the constellation of the Unicorn (Monoceros).


APOD: 2007 June 6 - Dust Sculptures in the Rosette Nebula

Mountain Moonrise



On May 31st, a gorgeous Full Moon rose over Uludag Mountain in Bursa Province, Turkey. This alluring telephoto view of the twilight scene is a composite of images taken roughly every two minutes beginning shortly after Sunset, following the rising Moon as it moves up and to the right. Of course, as the Moon rises it gets brighter and changes color, becoming less reddened as the sight-line through the dense atmosphere is steadily reduced. Each of the final two exposures also captured a rising planet Jupiter. Like the Full Moon, the bright, wandering planet is nearly opposite the Sun in Earth's sky and was caught on the lefthand side of the picture in two places, just above a small peak in the mountain side. Intriguingly, some considered this Full Moon a Blue Moon.


APOD: 2007 June 7 - Great Mountain Moonrise

Looking Back at an Eclipsed Earth



Here is what the Earth looks like during a solar eclipse. The shadow of the Moon can be seen darkening part of Earth. This shadow moved across the Earth at nearly 2000 kilometers per hour. Only observers near the center of the dark circle see a total solar eclipse - others see a partial eclipse where only part of the Sun appears blocked by the Moon. This spectacular picture of the 1999 August 11 solar eclipse was one of the last ever taken from the Mir space station. The two bright spots that appear on the upper left are possibly Jupiter and Saturn, although this has yet to be proven. Mir was deorbited in a controlled re-entry in 2001.


APOD: 2007 June 10 - Looking Back at an Eclipsed Earth

A Daylight Eclipse of Venus


Explanation: Something was about to happen. Just two days ago, two of the three celestial objects easily visible during the day appeared to collide. But actually, Earth's Moon passed well in front of the distant planet Venus. The occultation was caught from Switzerland in the hours before sunset. Moments after this image was taken, the Moon, visible as the crescent on the right of the above image, eclipsed Venus, appearing near half phase on the lower left. Clouds that once threatened to obscure the whole event, were visible on the far left. About 90 minutes later, Venus re-appeared just to the right of the bright crescent.



APOD: 2007 June 20 - A Daylight Eclipse of Venus

Planet HD 209458b



Planet HD 209458b is evaporating. It is so close to its parent star that its heated atmosphere is simply expanding away into space. Some astronomers studying this distant planetary system now believe they have detected water vapor among the gases being liberated. This controversial claim, if true, would mark the first instance of planetary water beyond our Solar System, and indicate anew that life might be sustainable elsewhere in the universe. HD 209458b is known as a hot Jupiter type system because it involves a Jupiter-type planet in a Mercury-type orbit. Although spectroscopic observations from the Hubble Space Telescope are the basis for the water detection claim, the planetary system is too small and faint to image. Therefore, an artist's impression of the HD 209458b system is shown above. Research into the atmospheric composition of HD 209458b and other extrasolar planets is continuing.

The Four Suns of HD 98800



HD 98800 is a multiple star system about 150 light years from Earth -- right in our section of the Milky Way Galaxy. For years it has been known that HD 98800 consists of two pairs of double stars, with one pair surrounded by a disk of dust. The star pairs are located about 50 AU from each other -- in comparison just outside the orbit of Pluto. Recent data from the Earth-trailing Spitzer Space Telescope in infrared light, however, indicate that the dust disk has gaps that appear consistent with being cleared by planets orbiting in the disk. If so, one planet appears to be orbiting at a distance similar to Mars of our own Solar System. Pictured above is an artist's drawing of how the HD 98800 system might appear to a nearby observer.

Pictures of our Universe


Explanation: Spiral galaxy NGC 2903 is only some 20 million light-years distant in the constellation Leo. One of the brighter galaxies visible from the northern hemisphere, it is surprisingly missing from Charles Messier's famous catalog of celestial sights. This impressively sharp color image shows off the galaxy's beautiful blue spiral arms. Included in the ground-based telescopic view are intriguing details of NGC 2903's central regions -- a remarkable mix of old and young star clusters with immense dust and gas clouds. In fact, NGC 2903 exhibits an exceptional rate of star formation activity near its center, also bright in radio, infrared, ultraviolet, and x-ray bands. Just a little smaller than our own Milky Way, NGC 2903 is about 80,000 light-years across.



Explanation: Grand spiral galaxies often seem to get all the glory. Their newly formed, bright, blue star clusters along beautiful, symmetric spiral arms are guaranteed to attract attention. But small irregular galaxies form stars too, like NGC 4449, located about 12 million light-years away. In fact, this sharp Hubble Space Telescope close-up of the well-studied galaxy clearly demonstrates that reddish star forming regions and young blue star clusters are widespread. Less than 20,000 light-years across, the small island universe is similar in size, and often compared to our Milky Way's satellite galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud. NGC 4449 is a member of a group of galaxies found in the constellation Canes Venatici.



The Lagoon Nebula in Gas, Dust, and Stars
The Lagoon Nebula in Gas, Dust, and Stars Stars are battling gas and dust in the Lagoon Nebula but the photographers are winning. Also known as M8, this photogenic nebula is visible even without binoculars towards the constellation of Sagittarius. The energetic processes of star formation create not only the colors but the chaos. The red-glowing gas results from high-energy starlight striking interstellar hydrogen gas. The dark dust filaments that lace M8 were created in the atmospheres of cool giant stars and in the debris from supernovae explosions. The light from M8 we see today left about 5,000 years ago. Light takes about 50 years to cross this section of M8.

Explanation: A cosmic bubble of gas and dust, RCW 79 has grown to about 70 light-years in diameter, blown by the winds and radiation from hot young stars. Infrared light from the dust embedded in the nebula is tinted red in this gorgeous false-color view from the Spitzer Space Telescope. A good 17 thousand light-years away in the grand southern constellation Centaurus, the expanding nebula itself has triggered star formation as it plows into the gas and dust surrounding it. In fact, this penetrating infrared picture reveals groups of new stars as yellowish points scattered along the bubble's edge. One remarkable group still lies within its own natal bubble at about 7 o'clock (lower left), while another can be seen near the upper gap at about 3 o'clock (right) from the bubble's center.

Kayaking with Killer Whales

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The Collaprse of Intelligent Design. Ken Miller

2 hours video
Ken Miller's talk on Intelligent Design at Case Western University. Ken Miller basically rips Intelligent Design apart in a 2 hour long exposé of the claims of intelligent design and the tactics that creationists employ to get it shoehorned into the American school system.

(Warning, religious content; if you have strong religious beleifs, this video might be offensive)

YouTube - Ken Miller on Intelligent Design: ""

The 'Stupid' and 'Dangerous' Design of the Universe. Neil deGrasse Tyson. 2006 Beyond Belief

This is an edit from a presentation by Neil deGrasse Tyson at the 2006 Beyond Belief conference. Neil is the director of the Hayden Planetarium in the Rose Center For Earth and Space at the American Museum of Natural History. In this Powerpoint entitled "Stupid Design" Tyson points out some of the glaring evidence for a universe without a designer.

YouTube - Stupid Design: ""

20/20 investigation. Stupidity in America

20-20 investigation by John Stossel entitled "Stupid in America" highlighting some of the flaws with the education system in the United States.
The story started out when identical tests were given to high school students in New Jersey and in Belgium. The Belgian kids cleaned the American kids' clocks. The Belgian kids called the American students "stupid", which gave the piece its name.
Jay Greene, author of "Education Myths," points out that "If money were the solution, the problem would already be solved: We've doubled per pupil spending, adjusting for inflation, over the last 30 years, and yet schools aren't better."
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'Americans are not stupid', UK Broadcast

- WITH SUBTITLES
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Rare and unexpected events

Abs Of Steel?
YouTube - Abs Of Steel?: ""

My Nuts Itch.. Will You Scratch Them For Me?


PTA meeting

When PTA Meetings Go Bad - Watch more free videos

Killer Whale eats King Salmon caught on fishing line

1970's movie trailers -17 videos-

APOCALYPSE NOW (1979) Trailer
YouTube - APOCALYPSE NOW (1979) Trailer: ""

Star Trek 1979


Rocky II


Alien


The Deer Hunter - Michael Cimino (1979)Robert De Niro, Meryl Streep


Dog Day Afternoon


The Muppet Movie


Superman


Piranha (1978) trailer


Grease


A Bridge Too Far Trailer [1977]


Close Encounters Of The Third Kind (Theatrical Trailer)


STAR WARS - TRAILER - 1977


Rocky I


King Kong 1976 - Theatrical Trailer


Jaws


The Godfather Part II (Theatrical Trailer)

-1976- Amazing World of Psychic Phenomena Trailer

Trailer for the Shick Sun Classics Documentary The Amazing World of Psychic Phenomena (1976).
YouTube - Amazing World of Psychic Phenomena Trailer: ""

Jupiter, actual videos

18-03-2007
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Hubble Zooming on the Antennae Galaxy

Hubble Zooming on the Antennae Galaxy: "Zooming through the nighttime sky into the constellation Corvus the crow, deeper into the Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys image of the Antennae galaxies. The 'stellar fireworks' contain brilliant young clusters of tens of thousands of stars. Orange blobs to the left and right of center are the two cores of the original galaxies, criss-crossed by dark filaments of dust seen in silhouette. Brilliant blue star clusters, born in the collision, pepper the galaxies. Pinkish glowing hydrogen gas identify star birth regions glowing under the intense energy from newborn stars.

Credit: Akira Fujii, Digitized Sky Survey 2 and ESA/Hubble (Martin Kornmesser)"

Zoom Into the Universe (Hubble - Nasa videos)

Zoom Into Pismis 24. Zooming from an image of a portion of Sagittarius centered on NGC 6357 and the Pismis 24 star cluster into images obtained with the Hubble Advanced Camera for Surveys, which resolve Pismis 24-1 into two stars.
Credit: NASA, ESA, and M. Kornmesser

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Zooming through the nighttime sky into the constellation Corvus the crow, deeper into the Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys image of the Antennae galaxies. The "stellar fireworks" contain brilliant young clusters of tens of thousands of stars. Orange blobs to the left and right of center are the two cores of the original galaxies, criss-crossed by dark filaments of dust seen in silhouette. Brilliant blue star clusters, born in the collision, pepper the galaxies. Pinkish glowing hydrogen gas identify star birth regions glowing under the intense energy from newborn stars.
Credit: Akira Fujii, Digitized Sky Survey 2 and ESA/Hubble (Martin Kornmesser)


Hubble zoomes on a multi-wavelength composite made by seven individual exposures made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. These exposures were taken by the Faint Object Camera (FOC), Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2), and the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS).
Credit: NASA, ESA

IMAX Hubble: Making of the GOODS zoom

The GOODS zoom (Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey) was created for the IMAX short film 'Hubble: Galaxies Across Space and Time' using more than 11,000 galaxy images to create an accurate 3D model for a 3 minute film.
YouTube - Hubble: Making of the GOODS zoom: ""

The Spirit of Exploration - NASA Program

NASA officials explain the transition from Space Shuttle and ISS to the Constellation program.

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The moon & ISS fly-by

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APOLLO 8 Christmas Broadcast from Moon

Moon surface and Earth from Apollo 10

Moon surface and Earth from Apollo 10

Simulation, Earth Flight

Earth Flight B1
Flying over the Earth: Amazon, Pacific Northwest, Himalayan region.
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Earth from moving camera of the ISS

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ISS Canadarm2, earth view

view from the ISS
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ISS View of Earth

July 14, 2006, 5:40 pm PST
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Views of Earth from ISS & Discovery

View from ISS & Discovery as they crossed over the western coast of California moving from SW to NE at an altitude of 221 miles above. 07-15-2006 9:55am PST

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Earth viewed from the moon by Neil Armstrong

Armstrong describes what parts of Earth he saw while orbiting the Moon

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Night Earthview of North America

taken from a space shuttle mission in 1990's
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View From Space Station.

Space Week --
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ISS Fly-around from the Shutle

Fly-around of the International Space Station by the Space Shuttle Atlantis on 17th September 2006.
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Aurora Borealis from ISS

YouTube - Aurora Borealis from ISS: ""

Hurricane Ophelia from ISS

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International Space Station Flyover

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View of the passing International space station,

View of the International space station over the UK. Shown at approx 8x actual speed, imaged through a Meade 10" LX-200 27th Oct 2006
YouTube - ISS 27th Oct 2006: ""

Saturn through Telescope 9.25".

taken with a TouCam webcam, 3x barlow through a Celestron C9.25".
The shimmering in the image is due to atmospheric turbulence. To keep the planet centered at very high magnification, an equatorial mount was used with accurate polar alignment.

YouTube - Saturn through a Telescope: ""

THE MOON. Telescope 6" and webcam view

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Zoom into the planetary nebula NGC 2440

Zoom into the planetary nebula NGC 2440.
Credit video : NASA
YouTube - Zoom into the planetary nebula NGC 2440: ""

Astronomy video, 10 item tour

1. Jupiter 2. Helix Nebula 3. NGC1316 dust bunnies 4. N11B 5. Orion Nebula 6. Triflid Nebula 7. Eagle Nebula 8. M51 9. Jupiter 10. Iapetus

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Zooming in to the Pelican Nebula

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Implosions

The Landmark Tower (AKA Continental National Bank Building) was built between 1952 -1957 and stood 380-foot tall or 30-stories. At the time of this implosion (18 March 2006) the Landmark Tower was the second tallest building ever imploded in the world.

Three Rivers Stadium on the banks of the Ohio River in Pennsylvania on the 11th February



Quotations from the past. (Some to keep always in mind)

"Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons." --Popular Mechanics, forecasting the relentless march of science, 1949

"I think there is a world market for maybe five computers." --Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943

"I have traveled the length and breadth of this country and talked with the best people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that won't last out the year." --The editor in charge of business books for Prentice Hall, 1957

"But what ... is it good for?" --Engineer at the Advanced Computing Systems Division of IBM, 1968, commenting on the microchip.

"There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." --Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977

"This 'telephone' has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us." --Western Union internal memo, 1876.

"The wireless music box has no imaginable commercial value. Who would pay for a message sent to nobody in particular?" --David Sarnoff's associates in response to his urgings for investment in the radio in the 1920s.

"The wireless music box has no imaginable commercial value. Who would pay for a message sent to nobody in particular?" --David Sarnoff's associates in response to his urgings for investment in the radio in the 1920s.

"Who the hell wants to hear actors talk?" --H.M. Warner, Warner Brothers, 1927.

"We don't like their sound, and guitar music is on the way out." --Decca Recording Co. rejecting the Beatles, 1962.

"Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible." --Lord Kelvin, president, Royal Society, 1895.

"If I had thought about it, I wouldn't have done the experiment. The literature was full of examples that said you can't do this." --Spencer Silver on the work that led to the unique adhesives for 3-M "Post-It" Notepads.
"So we went to Atari and said, 'Hey, we've got this amazing thing, even built with some of your parts, and what do you think about funding us? Or we' ll give it to you. We just want to do it. Pay our salary, we'll come work for you.' And they said, 'No.' So then we went to Hewlett-Packard, and they said, 'Hey, we don't need you. You haven't got through college yet.'" --Apple Computer Inc. founder Steve Jobs on attempts to get Atari and H-P interested in his and Steve Wozniak's personal computer.
"Professor Goddard does not know the relation between action and reaction and the need to have something better than a vacuum against which to react. He seems to lack the basic knowledge ladled out daily in high schools." --1921 New York Times editorial about Robert Goddard's revolutionary rocket work.
"You want to have consistent and uniform muscle development across all of your muscles? It can't be done. It's just a fact of life. You just have to accept inconsistent muscle development as an unalterable condition of weight training." --Response to Arthur Jones, who solved the "unsolvable" problem by inventing Nautilus.
"Drill for oil? You mean drill into the ground to try and find oil? You're crazy." --Drillers who Edwin L. Drake tried to enlist to his project to drill for oil in 1859.

"Stocks have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau." --Irving Fisher, Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1929.

"Airplanes are interesting toys but of no military value." --Marechal Ferdinand Foch, Professor of Strategy, Ecole Superieure de Guerre.
"Everything that can be invented has been invented." --Charles H. Duel
"Louis Pasteur's theory of germs is ridiculous fiction". --Pierre Pachet, Professor of Physiology at Toulouse, 1872

"The abdomen, the chest, and the brain will forever be shut from the intrusion of the wise and humane surgeon". --Sir John Eric Ericksen, British surgeon, appointed Surgeon-Extraordinary to Queen Victoria 1873.

"640K ought to be enough for anybody." -- Bill Gates, 1981

Humorous Quotations | Digital Karma